Tadeusz Kościuszko

Tadeusz Kościuszko

Tadeusz Kosciuszko is one of the most admirable figures and fighters for independence in the history of the eighteenth century. Born in Mereczowszczyzna, Poland in 1746, he became known as a fortification engineer, a general in the Polish and American armies, and the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces during the Kosciuszko insurrection in 1794. After completing his studies in Paris, Kosciuszko returned to Poland, but under the occupation, he found it difficult to find employment in the Polish army. When news of the American fight for independence with the United Kingdom came, he decided to travel through the ocean. He came to America in 1776, just over a month after signing the Declaration of Independence of the United Nations. On the recommendation of Prince Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, Kosciuszko was awarded the position as an engineer in the American army. As a military engineer, he contributed to the victory at Saratoga, where he was responsible for the construction of the fortifications. On behalf of George Washington, the first president of the United States, Kosciuszko also designed the West Point fort on the Hudson River. His accomplishments in America were widely appreciated and in 1783 he was awarded the rank of General of the American Army, as well as wealth and money. Kosciuszko, who was an ardent supporter of abolitionism - a movement in the United States and Europe that advocated the abolition of slavery, allocated his wealth to the liberation and education of slaves. In 1784, Kosciuszko returned to Poland, where he became famous as the leader of the national uprising, called after him Kosciuszko Insurrection, against Russia and was appointed the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.

This year marks the 200th anniversary of Kosciuszko's death, so the Parliament in Poland announced this year the Year of Tadeusz Kosciuszko. This anniversary is also celebrated in America. It has been confirmed by historians that Kosciuszko was honored with more monuments and statues in the United States than any other figure fighting for independence, except for George Washington alone. General Kosciuszko is a national hero in Poland and the United States and many places, streets and buildings were named after him. In his honor, the Polish nation has cast Kosciuszko Mound in Cracow. The highest summit in Australia was named Hill of Kosciuszko, by its conqueror Paul Edmund Strzelecki, as well as one of the counties in the US.